To Make a Pictograph

What is a Pictograph – Definition, Meaning, Examples | How to Make a Pictograph?

The way of representing different data into an image is called the Pictograph. Every image present in the pictograph shows a certain number of things or conveys some information to the user. It is really easy and comfortable to use pictographs as they visually represent the data. The bar graph, line graph, pie charts, and so on are some of the examples of pictograph. Check out How to Make a Pictograph from the entire article.

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Pictograph – Definition

A pictograph is a representation of data using images. These are generally used to denote the frequency of data along with relevant images and symbols. It is one of the simplest ways of denoting statistical data.

How to Make a Pictograph? | Steps to Make a Pictograph

Here are some of the steps to make a pictograph. Carefully read every step and follow the procedure to prepare a pictograph.

1. Collect the data: In the first to prepare a pictograph, it is necessary to gather the required information that needs to represent. Once, you gather all the necessary information, ready a table or list of data.
2. Select the Symbol or Images: To make a pictograph, you need to choose any picture or image. If the data is regarding books of different subjects, then use the book’s image or any relevant image to represent it.
3. Assign a Key: Use a key while representing the data with images. When the frequency of the data is very high, then you need to assign a key with the numerical value and must be written along with the pictograph.
4. Draw the Pictograph: Once you are ready with everything use two columns to make a pictograph. One column represents the category and the other one is with data in the table. Draw a pictograph with the symbols or images that represent the frequency.
5. Review the Data and Pictograph: Once you are ready with the pictograph, verify every information present in the table.

Pictograph Examples

Example 1.
Take an example, which will tell us how to interpret data using pictographs. From the given figure, the data of 100 students has been collected, who have different colors. The data given was as follows:

No. of Students Color
20 Black
10 Red
40 Blue
30 Yellow


The above table data can be represented as a pictograph as follows:

Color No. of Students
Black pictographpictographpictographpictograph
Red pictographpictograph
Blue pictographpictographpictographpictographpictographpictographpictographpictograph
Yellow pictographpictographpictographpictographpictographpictograph

where every circle represents 5 students. pictograph represents a circle.
(i) What is the difference between the students who like black and red colors?

There are 4 students and 2 students liking Black and Red Colors. So, the difference is 2 students. 1 circle means 5 students. So, the difference is 10 students.

Example 2.

Take another example in which the number of chocolates in different boxes is given.

Boxes Number of chocolates
Box 1 21
Box 2 14
Box 3 42
Box 4 7


Let us make a pictograph for the given information and try to interpret the given information.

Boxes Number of chocolates
Box 1 chocolatechocolatechocolate
Box 2 chocolatechocolate
Box 3 chocolatechocolatechocolatechocolatechocolatechocolate
Box 4 chocolate

where one chocolate symbol is equal to 7 chocolates.

1. Which box had maximum chocolates as per the given data?
Box 3 has maximum chocolates as per the given data.

To become proficient in the concepts of 4th Grade Math check out our concepts on related topics and become a blossoming mathematician in no time.

Frequently Asked Questions on Pictograph

1. What is Pictograph?

A pictograph is an image representation of given data. the data represents using images or symbols. Every image represents the frequency of the data.

2. What is the key in pictograph?

In a pictograph, the key is the value of an image.

3. Mention the advantages of using pictographs?

Here are the main advantages of using pictographs

  • It is easy to understand the data.
  • Large information can represent in a simple way.
  • The visual representation can easily understand by everyone.

4. Mention the different names that represent pictographs?

The pictorial chart, picture chart, pictograph chart, pictogram chart, etc. are the different names of pictographs.

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