Constants and Variables are the popular terms used in algebra. Every expression or equation will be implemented with a combination of constants and variables. Constant is a fixed value in every expression and the variables are not fixed values. Learn different problems on Constants and Variables and get a grip on the complete concept.

**Example:**

x^2 + 2xy + 6 is an algebraic equation.

Here, 6 cannot be changed and it is the constant number in the equation, and x^2, 2xy values are varied depends on the values. So, x^2 and 2xy are variables in the equation.

## Constant & Variables – Definitions

**Constant:** A Constant is defined as a fixed value in algebraic expressions or equations. Constant will not change with time and has a fixed value. For instance, Shoe Size will not vary at any point.

In an algebraic expression, x+y = 5, 5 is a constant value, and will not be changed.

**Variables:** Variables are terms that can change or differ over time. It will not have a fixed value unlike a constant. For example, the Height and Weight of a Person will not remain constant and will vary with time.

In an algebraic expression, x+y = 5, x and y are the variables and can be varied. Go through the below modules to know more about the key differences between Constants and Variables.

## Difference Between Constants and Variables

See the main differences between Constants and Variables here. ?They are along the lines

- The main difference between the constants and variables, constant is a fixed value and a variable is not a fixed value.
- Constants are indicated by the numerical values and the variables are indicated by any alphabetical values like a, b, c, d, ………..z.

### Examples of Constants and Variables

Find the Constants and Variables of Given Expressions.

1. x + y + 2 =0.

Solution:

The given expression is x + y + 2 = 0.

Here, x and y are variables.

2 is a constant number.

2. x^2 + y^2 + 20 = 0.

Solution:

The given expression is x^2 + y^2 + 20 = 0.

Here, x^2 and y^2 are variables.

20 is a constant number.

3. xy + x^2 + 15 = 0.

Solution:

The given expression is xy + x^2 + 15 = 0.

Here, xy and x^2 are variables.

15 is a constant number.

4. 2xy + 6 = x^2y.

Solution:

The given expression is 2xy + 6 = x^2y.

Here, 2xy and x^2y are variables.

6 is a constant number.

5. x^3 + y^3 = 2xy + 8.

Solution:

The given expression is x^3 + y^3 = 2xy + 8.

Here, x^3, y^3, and 2xy are variables.

8 is a constant number.

6. Find out the constants and variables in the below questions

(i) In 5m, 5 is a constant and m is a variable.

(ii) In -3ab, -3 is a constant and a and b are variables.

(iii) In 4b, 4 is constant and b is variable but together 4b is a variable.

(iv) If 2 is a constant and a is a variable, then 2 + a, 2 – a, 2/a, 2a, a/2, etc., are also variables.

### FAQs on Constants and Variables

**1. What is the main difference between variables and constant?**

The major difference between variables and constants is variable is a varying quantity, and a constant is a fixed value.

**2. What are the variables?**

The variables are the terms in an algebraic equation that can be changed or that are not fixed. Example: a + b = 8, where a and b are the variables, and 8 is a constant.

**3. What are constants? **

The constants are the value in an algebraic expression that cannot be modified or changed. For example, in an equation x + y = 9, 9 is the constant value.

**4. What is an algebraic expression?**

The algebraic expression is a combination of constants, variables, integers, and mathematical operations.