Wondering how to solve word problems on multiplication and division, we will make your life easy. This page will give you all the information required to solve word problems with few solved examples. Assess your preparation standards taking the help of the Multiplication and Division of Whole Numbers and improvise accordingly. You can score better grades in exams by practicing from the Multiplication, Division of Whole Numbers Problems on a regular basis.

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### Word Problems on Multiplication of Whole Numbers

You can identify whether it is multiplication or not by seeing few terms in the questions. They are as follows

- By
- Product
- Each
- Per / One
- Total number of
- Groups
- Lots of

Let’s see few examples:

**Example 1:**

There are 55 mangoes in a basket. The cost of one mango is 15/-. What is the total cost of 55 mangoes?

**Solution:**

Total number of mangoes in a basket = 55

Cost of one mango = 15

To the cost of total mangoes, we have to multiply the number of mangoes and the Cost of one mango

Therefore, cost of total mangoes = 55 * 15

= 825.

So the cost of 55 mangoes is 825/-

**Example 2: **

A stationery shop has 163 packets of pens. Each packet has 15 pens. How many pens are there in total?

**Solution:**

Number of pens in one packet = 15

Number of packets = 163

To find the total number of pens in a stationery shop we have to multiply the number of packets and pens into one packet

Therefore, the Total number of pens in the shop = 163 * 15

= 2445

So the total number of pens in the shop is 2445.

**Example 3:**

A zookeeper wants to give 12 bananas to each monkey. There are 53 monkeys. How many total bananas would he need?

**Solution:**

Number of monkeys = 53

Number of bananas for each monkey = 12

So total number of bananas that are required is obtained by multiplying the number of monkeys and bananas for each monkey.

Therefore, Required number of bananas = 53 * 12

= 636.

So zookeeper would require 636 bananas.

**Example 4: **

53 passengers can sit in a bus. How many passengers can sit in 462 buses?

**Solution:**

Number of passengers in one bus = 53

Number of buses = 462

Now the total number of passengers in 462 buses can be calculated by multiplying the number of passengers and the number of buses

Therefore, the total number of passengers = 462 * 53

= 22578.

So, the total number of passengers in 462 buses = 22578.

**Example 5:**

Mickey reads 12 pages of a book in one hour. How many pages are there on the book if he reads 4 hours in a day and finishes the book in 24 days?

**Solution:**

Number of pages read in one hour = 12

Number of pages read in 4 hrs per day = 12 * 4

= 48

Number of pages read in 24 days = 48 * 24

=1152

So, Mickey reads a book that has 1152 pages.

**Example 6:**

A box contains 239 balls. Find the total number of balls in 305 boxes.

**Solution:**

Number of boxes = 305

Number of balls in a box = 239

The total number of balls can be calculated by multiplying the number of boxes and the number of balls in each box

Therefore, the total number of balls = 305 * 239

= 72,895

The total number of balls = 72895.

**Example 7:**

The price of a book is 48/- Find the price of 485 such books.

**Solution:**

Price of one book = 48/-

The price of 485 books can be obtained by multiplying 485 and 48

= 485 * 48

23280.

Price of 485 books = 23280.

**Example 8:**

The water capacity of a tank is 1325 liters. Find the total capacity of 74 such tanks.

**Solution:**

The capacity of one tank =1325 liters

The capacity of 74 tanks can be obtained by multiplying 1325 and 74.

= 1327 * 74

= 98050

Capacity of 74 tanks = 98050.

**Example 9:**

A bus traveling from Delhi to Goa can carry 52 passengers on a trip. How many passengers will it carry in the month of May if it makes 5 trips in a day?

**Solution:**

The number of passengers in one trip = 52.

Number of passengers in 5 trips = 52 * 5

= 260

Number of passengers in May= 260 * 31

(May has 31 days)

= 8060

The number of passengers in the month of May= 8060.

### Word Problems on Division of Whole Numbers

You can identify division problems by referring to few terms in your questions. They are as follows

- Divided by
- Split up
- Each
- Into
- Equal parts / Equal divisions
- Share

Let’s see few examples

**Example 1:**

If the cost of 18 bicycles is 23508/-. What will be the cost of one cycle?

**Solution:**

Cost of 18 bicycles = 23508

Cost of one bicycle can be obtained by dividing total cost and number of bicycles

Therefore, cost of each bicycle = 23508 / 18

= 1306

So, the cost of one bicycle is 1306.

**Example 2:**

If 78 water tanks can hold 19500 liters of water. Then what is the capacity of each tank?

**Solution:**

The number of water tanks = 78.

Quantity of water stored = 19500 liters

Therefore, the capacity of one tank can be obtained by dividing the quantity of water stored and the number of water tanks.

So, Capacity of 1 tank = 19500 / 78

= 250 Liters

The capacity of each tank = 250 Liters.

**Example 3:**

A dealer puts 19 chocolates in one packet. Find the maximum number of packets he will require to put 17829 chocolates.?

**Solution:**

Number of chocolates in one packet = 19

The total number of chocolates = 17829.

Now a number of packets can be obtained by dividing the total number of chocolates and the Number of chocolates in one packet

Therefore, number of packets = 17829 / 19

=938

The maximum number of chocolate packets = 938.

**Example 4:**

What can be the least number that should be subtracted from 4320 so that the remainder is exactly divisible by 47?

**Solution:**

As we already know

Dividend = 4320

Divisor = 47

Note: Remainder must be 0 (Zero) for the number to be exactly divisible.

So now let’s find the remainder by dividing 4320 and 47

= 4320 / 47

Remainder = 43

So, 43 is the least number to subtract from 4320 to get remainder which is exactly divisible by 47.

**Example 5:**

3057 families are living in a town. The town head decided to split the town into 3 wards. How many families will be there in each ward?

**Solution:**

The number of families living = 3057.

Number of wars to be divided = 3

The number of families in each ward can be obtained by dividing the number of families living and the number of wars to be divided

Therefore, the Number of families in each ward = 3057 / 3

= 1091

So, the number of families in each ward = 1091.

**Example 6:**

2496 nails are packed equally in 6 boxes. Find the number of nails in each box.

**Solution:**

Total number of nails = 2496

Number of boxes = 6

The number of boxes in each box can be obtained by dividing the total number of nails and the number of boxes

Therefore, the Number of boxes in each box = 2496 / 6

=416

The number of boxes in each box= 416.

**Example 7:**

176 bottles are to be placed equally in 8 trays. Find the number of bottles in each tray.

**Solution:**

Total number of bottles = 176

Number of trays = 8

The number of bottles in each tray can be obtained by dividing a total number of bottles and the number of trays.

Therefore, the Number of bottles in each tray = 176 / 8

= 22

So, the Number of bottles in each tray = 22.

**Example 8:**

On a poultry farm, 1778 eggs are sold in a week. How many eggs were sold each day?

**Solution:**

The total number of eggs sold = 1778.

Number of days = 7

The numbers of eggs sold on each day can be obtained by dividing the total number of eggs sold and the number of days

Therefore, the Numbers of eggs sold on each day = 1778 / 7

= 254

Numbers of eggs sold on each day = 254.

**Example 9:**

A man is distributing 845 toffees among 5 children. How many toffees does each child get?

**Solution:**

Total number of toffees = 845

Numbers of children = 5

The number of toffees each child gets can be obtained by dividing the total number of toffees and the numbers of children

Therefore, the Number of toffees each child gets = 845 / 5

= 169.

Number of toffees each child gets = 169

Let’s see one example problem with the combination of both multiplication and division.

**Example 10: **

25 Trucks can carry 5025 kg rice. How much rice can be carried by 16 trucks?

**Solution:**

Rice carried by 25 trucks = 5025 kg

Rice carried by 1 truck = 5025 / 25

= 201 kg

That means rice carried by 1 truck = 201 kg

Rice carried by 16 trucks = 201 * 16

=3216 kg

Rice carried by 16 trucks = 3216 kg.