Pictorial Representation

Pictorial Representation of Data – Definition, Meaning, Types, Examples

Have you heard the word pictorial representation? This web page gives a detailed explanation of pictorial representation. This article explains the definition of pictorial representation, types of pictorial representation. You can also check the solved examples of pictorial representation by going through this article completely.

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Pictorial Representation of Data

In pictorial representation symbols or images are used to represent a specific number of objects. Pictorial representations are of different kinds such as Bar graphs, Line graphs, Pictographs, etc.

Types of Pictorial Representation

Here we will discuss the types of pictorial representations and examples of pictorial representations.

Bar Graph

A bar graph presents the categorical data with vertical bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent. Bar charts can be two types 1. Vertical bar charts 2. Horizontal bar charts. The other name for vertical bar charts is called Column bar charts.

A bar graph is used for the comparison of discrete categories. On one axis it shows the different categories being compared and the other axis represents the measured value. The height or length of the bars specifies the value of the variable.

Example of Bar Graph

A Mobile company manufactures three different models of mobiles. The sales of the mobiles for the months are shown in the table. Represent it using the bar chart.

The X-Axis represents the Months and Y-Axis represents the sales.

Month Mobile1 Mobile 2 Mobile 3
Jan 4300 2400 4200
Feb 3000 4000 4000
Mar 2050 3000 2090
Apr 4600 3000 3900

bar chart

Pie Chart

In this method, the data is displayed in a circular graph. The pieces of the circle represent different categories. The pieces are proportional to the fraction of the whole in each category. In other words, each slice of the pie is comparative to the size of that category in the group as a whole. The entire “pie” is taken as 100 percent of a whole, while the pie “slices” represents portions of the whole. By using this pie chart same data can be represented in different sizes.

pie chart

Here the pie chart displays the data of the favorite activities. Out of 100 percent 40 percent like walking, 24 percent like cycling, 18 percent like swimming, 12 percent like golf, and other activities are liked by 6 percent.

Line Chart

A line chart or Line graph is a type of chart the information is displayed as a series of data points connected by straight line segments. It shows Quantitative values over a specified time. It is used in many fields. We can see the trend in the data over intervals of time. Line charts display shorter changes and better than bar graphs for the aspect. It is used in showing the recurring data to facilitate comparison.
line chart


In this method, the data is represented using images. It represents the frequency of data by using symbols or images. It is very easy to understand. It is one of the simplest ways to represent data.


Here the image full round=4 donuts, Half round=2 donuts
1. How many Jelly donuts are there?
Twenty Jelly donuts are there.
2. How many frosting donuts are there?
Thirty-four Frosting donuts are there.
3. What are the maximum donuts?
Maximum donuts are custard donuts.
4. What are the minimum donuts?
Minimum donuts are Chocolate donuts.
5. By how much jelly donuts are more than chocolate?
Jelly donuts are one more than chocolate donuts.

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