All the solutions provided in McGraw Hill My Math Grade 5 Answer Key PDF Chapter 5 Lesson 7 Addition Properties will give you a clear idea of the concepts.

You can use properties of addition to find sums of whole numbers and decimals mentally. When there are no parentheses, add in order from left to right.

Math in My World

Example 1

Elijah recorded the number of different movies he watched last month. Use properties of addition to mentally find the total number of movies. Find 5 + 27 + 15.

You can easily add 5 and 15. So, change the order and group those numbers together.

The Commutative Property of Addition states that the order in which numbers are added does not change the sum.

The Associative Property of Addition states that the way in which numbers are grouped does not change the sum.
5 + 27 + 15 = __________ + 5 + 15 Commutative Property
= 27 + (___________ + ___________) Associative Property
= 27 + ____________ Add mentally. 5 + 15 = ____________
= __________ Add mentally. 20 + 27 = _____________
So, Elijah watched a total of ____________ movies.
Elijah watched a total of 47 movies.

Explanation:
The Associative Property of Addition states that the way in which numbers are grouped does not change the sum.
5 + 27 + 15 = 27 + 5 + 15 Commutative Property
= 27 + (5 + 15) Associative Property
= 27 + 20 Add mentally. 5 + 15 = 20
=  Add mentally. 20 + 27 = 47
So, Elijah watched a total of 47 movies.

Example 2

Use properties to find 1.8 + 2.6 + 0 mentally.
1.8 + 2.6 + 0 = (____________ + 0.8) + (____________ + 0.6) + 0
= 1 + ____________ + 0.8 + ____________ + 0    Commutative Property
= (1 + ____________) + (0.8 + ____________) + 0   Associative Property
= ____________ + ____________ + 0    Add.
= ____________ + 0    Identity Property
4.4

Explanation:
Use properties to find 1.8 + 2.6 + 0 mentally.
1.8 + 2.6 + 0 = (1 + 0.8) + (2 + 0.6) + 0
= 1 + 2 + 0.8 + 0.6 + 0    Commutative Property
= (1 + 2) + (0.8 + 0.6) + 0   Associative Property
= 3 + 1.4 + 0    Add.
= 4.4 + 0    Identity Property

Guided Practice

Question 1.
Use properties of addition to find each sum mentally. Show your steps and identify the properties that you used.
9 + 27 + 1 = ____________ + 9 + 1    Commutative Property
= 27 + (____________ + ____________)   Associative Property
37

Explanation:
Given,
9 + 27 + 1 = ____________ + 9 + 1    Commutative Property
9 + 27 + 1 = 27 + 9 + 1    Commutative Property
= 27 + (9 + 1)   Associative Property

Talk Math

Use properties to mentally determine whether 3.1 + 0.8 + 0.9 is less than, greater than, or equal to 5. Explain. The answer is less than 5.

Explanation:
Given,
3.1 + 0.8 + 0.9
We have to find the given question is less than, greater than, or equal to 5.
3.1 + 0.8 + 0.9 = 4.8
Therefore the number 4.8 is less than 5.
4.8 < 5.

Independent Practice

Identify the properties that are used to find each sum.

Question 2.
69 + 22 = (60 + 9) + (20 + 2)
= 60 + 20 + 9 + 2    _________________
= (60 + 20) + (9 + 2)    _________________
Commutative Property and Associative Property are used to find the sum.

Explanation:
69 + 22 = (60 + 9) + (20 + 2)
= 60 + 20 + 9 + 2 Commutative Property
= (60 + 20) + (9 + 2)  Associative Property

Question 3.
1 1 + 7.7 + 4.3 + 0 = 11 + (7.7 + 4.3) + 0    _________________
= 11 +12 + 0    Add.
= 23 + 0    _________________
Commutative Property and Identity Property are used to find the sum.

Explanation:
1 1 + 7.7 + 4.3 + 0 = 11 + (7.7 + 4.3) + 0  Commutative Property
= 11 +12 + 0    Add.
= 23 + 0  Identity Property.

Question 4.
37 + 26 + 53 = 26 + 37 + 53    _________________
= 26 + (37 + 53)    _________________
Commutative Property and Associative Property.

Explanation:
37 + 26 + 53 = 26 + 37 + 53 Commutative Property
= 26 + (37 + 53) Associative Property.

Question 5.
Use properties of addition to find the sum mentally. Show your steps and identify the properties that you used.
10.9 + 3 + 0.1 = _________________
14

Explanation:
10.9 + 3 + 0.1
10 + 0.9 + 3 + 0.1 Commutative Property
(10 + 3) + (0.9 + 0.1) Associative Property.
14 is the sum.

Problem Solving

Question 6.
Mathematical PRACTICE Use Number Sense Casey spent $2.50 on a snack,$1.24 on gum, $3.76 on a comic book, and$5.50 on lunch. Use mental math to find the total amount that he spent.
$13.00 Explanation: Given, Casey spent on a snack$2.50.
Gum = $1.24 comic book =$3.76
Lunch = $5.50 Total =$2.50 + $1.24 +$3.76 + $5.50 =$13.00

Question 7.
In one week, a classroom collected 43, 58, 62, 57, and 42 cans. Find the total number of cans the classroom collected using mental math. Explain how you found the sum.
The sum is 262.

Explanation:
Given,
No of cans a classroom collected = 43, 58, 62, 57, and 42
Total number of cans the classroom collected = 43 + 58 + 62 + 57 + 42 = 262

Question 8.
The table shows the cost of a cheerleading uniform. Use properties of addition to find the total cost of the uniform mentally.  $118. Explanation: Given, The cost of a cheerleading uniform$65, $18 and$35.
Total cost = $65 +$18 + $35 Let us use the properties of addition to find the sum.$65 + $18 +$35
60 + 5 +  10 + 8 + 30 + 5 is Commutative Property
(60 + 10 + 30) + (5 + 8 + 5) is Associative Property
118 is the sum.

HOT Problems

Question 9.
Mathematical PRACTICE Model Math Write a real-world problem that can be solved using the Associative Property of Addition. Solve the problem. Explain how you found the sum.
Let us understand the real-world problem with an example: Suppose we go to the supermarket and sandwich for 15 dollars, Biscuits for 10 dollars, and milk for 15 dollars. When we add the total in the head, we can add the price of the sandwich and the Biscuits first and add the result to the price of the milk.
15 + 10 + 15 = 40

Question 10.
Building on the Essential Question How can properties help me add whole numbers and decimals?
We can use the properties of addition to add integers, fractions, or decimals.
For example, the commutative property of addition helps us to understand that changing the order of the addends doesn’t change the total sum.

### McGraw Hill My Math Grade 5 Chapter 5 Lesson 7 My Homework Answer Key

Practice

Use properties of addition to find each sum mentally. Show your steps and identify the properties that you used.

Question 1.
9 + 6 + 31 = _______________
46

Explanation:
Given,
9 + 6 + 31
6 + 9 + 31 is Commutative Property
6 + (9 + 31) is Associative Property

Question 2.
12.5 + 0 + 1 + 43.5 = _______________
57

Explanation:
Given,
12.5 + 0 + 1 + 43.5
1 + 12.5 + 43.5 + 0 Commutative Property
1 + (12.5 + 43.5) + 0 Associative Property
1 + 56 + 0 Identity Property

Problem Solving

Question 3.
Sasha spent $1.05 on a soda,$5.25 on a sandwich, $0.75 on a piece of fruit, and$4.95 on a magazine. Use mental math to find the total amount she spent. $12 Explanation: Given, Sasha spent$1.05 on a soda.
sandwich $5.25. piece of fruit$0.75
magazine $4.95. Total money spent =$1.05 + $5.25 +$0.75 + $495 =$12

Question 4.
Jessie went to the mall and bought a CD for $12.98, a skirt for$17.50, a T-shirt for $8.50, and a bottle of water for$1.02. Use mental math to find the total amount she spent.
$40 Explanation: Given, CD bought =$12.98
Skirt = $17.50 T-shirt =$8.50
Bottle of water = $1.02 Total amount she spent =$12.98 + $17.50 +$8.50 + $1.02 =$40

Question 5.
Gary played soccer for 1 hour and tennis for 2 hours. Tanya played tennis for 2 hours and soccer for 1 hour. Who played sports longer? Explain.
Both played for the same amount of time.

Explanation:
By using commutative property the order in which numbers are added does not change the actual sum.

Question 6.
Mathematical PRACTICE Use Math Tools Without calculating, would 0.4 + (2 + 0.6) be less than, greater than, or equal to 3? Explain.
The sum is equal to 3.

Explanation:
Given,
0.4 + (2 + 0.6)
0.4 + 0.6 + 2
1 + 2 = 3
hence the sum is equal to 3.

Test Practice

Question 7.
Paula was reading a novel. She read 13 pages on Sunday, 12 pages on Tuesday, 17 pages on Friday, and 8 pages on Saturday. Use mental math to find the total number of pages she read.
(A) 40 pages
(B) 42 pages
(C) 50 pages
(D) 60 pages