 # Mathematical Facts about Subtraction with Examples | How to Learn Subtraction Facts?

Are you interested to know the facts about subtraction? This page helps you to get full knowledge on Subtraction. Here you will find entire information such as Definition, Facts of Subtraction. Get to know the cool facts about subtraction as a part of your learning try to apply them to your real-time math problems so that you can obtain the solutions quickly. You can understand the basic subtraction facts clearly with our clear-cut explanations provided.

## Subtraction – Definition

Finding the difference between two numbers is called Subtraction.’-‘ sign is used to represent subtraction.  Subtraction is the opposite of Addition. Every addition problem can be rewritten as Subtraction. For Example 75-30=45, 60-30=30 etc.

1. Subtraction with small numbers can be done horizontally. For example 25-5=20, 85-10=75,40-10=30 etc.

2. Subtraction is done vertically with large numbers. Numbers are written under place value. For example

Th     h    t    u

4     6      7    9

-3     4      5     6

——–——–——–

1      2        2     3

——–——–——–

To get the predecessor of the number ‘1’ is subtracted. For Example

3 6 8

–   1

——–——–

3 6  7

——–——–

4. Zero subtracted from any number does not change the value. For example

3 6 8

–  0

——–——–

3 6 8

——–——–

5. Minuend is the number from which the other number is to be subtracted. The number that is subtracted is called the subtrahend and the result is called the difference. Minuend, Subtahend, the difference are parts of the Subtraction problem.

Example           6   4    3

-3    2    1
——–——–——–

3     2     2

——–——–——–

Here 643 is called minuend,321 is called subtrahend.322 is called the difference.

6. To find the missing subtrahend, the difference is subtracted from the minuend.

Minuend – difference = subtrahend.

Example:

8   4

–  —    —
——–——–

4      2

——–——–

Here 8,4 is called Minuend.

4,2 is called the difference.

working:

8   4

-4   2

——–——–

4   2

——–——–

7. For finding the missing minuend, the difference is added to the subtrahend.

Difference + subtrahend = minuend

Example:

…  …

-2  1

——–——–

6    3

——–——–

Working:

6      3

+ 2    1

——–——–

8      4

——–——–

8 4 is the missing minuend.

6   3 is the difference.

2 1 is the subtrahend.

8. Subtracting 1 from a number means counting down the number.

For example 5-1=4, 8-1=7, 4-1=3 etc.

9. Any number subtracted from itself is always Zero. This is called Self Subtraction.

For example 4-4=0, 7-7=0 etc.

### How to Subtract a Large Number from a Small Number?

To subtract a large number from a small number follow the borrow method.

Example :

For example, consider the numbers 8463 and 5665 for subtraction.

Solution:

1. Arrange the numbers according to the place values. Start subtracting from units place. Since we can not subtract 5 from 3 borrows ten from tens digit. Now 13-5=8. Write 8 under units place.

5      13

8    4     6      3

-5     6     6      5

——–——–——–

8

——–——–——–

2. We can not subtract 6 from 5 so borrow and then subtract 6.Now 15-6=9.Write 9 under tens place.

3        15     13

8     4      6      3

-5     6      6      5

——–——–——–

9      8

——–——–——–

3. We can not subtract 6 from 3 so borrow and then subtract. Now 13-6=7.Place digit 7 under hundreds digit.

7    13      15  13

8      4     6     3

-5     6    6      5

——–——–——–

7         9    8

——–——–——–

4. Subtract 5 from 7.Write 2 under thousands digit. Now the difference is 2798.

7       13      15    13

8        4        6       3

-5         6        6       5

——–——–——–——–

2        7          9         8

——–——–——–——–

### FAQ’s on Subtraction Facts

1. What is Subtraction?

To find the difference between two numbers is called subtraction.

2. What is Minuend?

The minuend is the number from which the other number is to be subtracted.

3. What is Subtrahend?

Subtrahend is the number that is subtracted.

4. How to find the missing minuend?

For finding the missing minuend, the subtrahend is added to the difference.

5. How to find missing Subtrahend?

For finding the missing subtrahend, the difference is subtracted from the minuend.

6. What are the parts of the Subtraction Problem?

The parts of the subtraction problem are Subtrahend, minuend, and the difference.

7. What is the Difference?

The result of the subtraction is called the difference.

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