Everyday Math Grade 6 Answers Unit 4 Expressions and Equations

Everyday Mathematics 6th Grade Answer Key Unit 4 Expressions and Equations

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.1 Answers

Using Order of Operations
Question 1.
Insert parentheses to make the expression equivalent to the target number.
Numerical Expression
8 – 2 + 5
15 – 3 ∗ 4 + 2
3 ∗ 5 + 4 ∗ 6

Target Number
1
50
162
Answer:

Question 2.
Simplify each expression.
a. (3 + 9)2 ________
b. 24 ∗ 22 ________
c. 20 – (6 – 4) ________
d. (\(\frac{1}{2}\) ÷ \(\frac{1}{4}\)) ∗ 6 ________
Answer:

Question 3.
Complete the table
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.1 Answers 1
Answer:

Question 4.
Use the given calculator keys to find an expression equivalent to the target number. You may use the keys more than once or not at all.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.1 Answers 2
Answer:

Practice
Write the opposite of each number.
Question 5.
12 ________
Answer:

Question 6.
-2 ________
Answer:

Question 7.
-3.5 ________
Answer:

Question 8.
\(\frac{3}{5}\) ________
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.2 Answer Key

Practicing Order of Operations
In Problems 1–3, tell whether the number sentence is true or false. If it is false, rewrite it with parentheses to make it true.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.2 Answer Key 1
Answer:

Question 4.
Evaluate.
a. 45 – (1 + 4)2 + 3
Answer:

b. (2 + 4)2 ∗ (1 + 2)4
Answer:

Question 5.
Write an expression for AT LEAST three of the following numbers using six 7s. All values can be found using only addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
1 = ____________
2 = ____________
3 = ____________
4 = ____________
5 = ____________
6 = ____________
Answer:

Practice
Find the greatest common factor.
Question 6.
GCF (10, 50) = _______
Answer:

Question 7.
GCF (80, 24) = _______
Answer:

Question 8.
GCF (90, 54) = __________
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.3 Answers

Using Expressions
Question 1.
Write a numerical expression for calculating the number of shaded border tiles for the pictured 12-by-12 tiled floor.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.3 Answers 1
Number of shaded tiles: ________
Answer:

b. Circle the expressions below that also represent the number of shaded tiles in the 12-by-12 tiled floor.
11 + 11 + 11 + 11
4 ∗ 12 + 4
(12 – 2) + (12 – 2) + 12 + 12
4 ∗ 12 – 2
Answer:

c. Choose one of the expressions you circled in Part b and explain how it represents the number of shaded tiles
Answer:

Question 2.
A rectangular tiled floor is shown at the right. Write an expression that models how you can find the number of shaded tiles in the 3-by-10 rectangular floor.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.3 Answers 2
Number of shaded tiles: ________
Answer:

Question 3.
Write an expression that models how you can find the number of shaded tiles in the 3-by-13 rectangular floor shown at the right.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.3 Answers 3
Number of shaded tiles: ________
Answer:

Try This
Question 4.
Write an algebraic expression for the number of shaded tiles in a 3-by-n rectangular floor. Use your expression to find the number of shaded tiles in a 3-by-125 tiled floor.
Answer:

Practice
Find the least common multiple.
Question 5.
LCM (3, 5) = ________
Answer:

Question 6.
LCM (10, 12) = ________
Answer:

Question 7.
LCM (6, 12) = ________
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.4 Answer Key

Algebraic Expressions
Write an algebraic expression. Use your expression to solve the problem.
Question 1.
Kayla has x hats. Miriam has 6 fewer hats than Kayla. _______
If Kayla has 22 hats, how many hats does Miriam have? _______
Answer:

Question 2.
The width of Rectangle A is half of its height. Write an algebraic expression for the width of Rectangle A.
a. Define your variable. Let ____ represent ________.
b. Algebraic expression: _______________
c. Using the variable you defined in Part a, write an algebraic expression for the perimeter of Rectangle A __________.
Answer:

Question 3.
Larry ran 2.5 miles more than Jusef.
Write an algebraic expression for how far Larry ran.
a. Define your variable. Let _______ represent __________.
b. Algebraic expression: __________
c. If Jusef ran 5 miles, how many miles did Larry run? __________
Answer:

Question 4.
For each situation, choose an expression from the box that matches the situation, and write it in the matching blank. You may use an expression more than once.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.4 Answer Key 1
a. With 4 bags of n potatoes, the total number of potatoes is __________.
b. If you exchange n quarters for dollars, you get __________ dollars.
c. There are n pens in a box. Denise has 4 pens more than 2 boxes of pens. The total number of pens Denise has is __________.
Answer:

Practice
Use <, >, or = to make the number sentence true.
Question 5.
\(\frac{3}{4}\) ________ \(\frac{3}{7}\)
Answer:

Question 6.
0.4 _______ 0.400
Answer:

Question 7.
0.8 ________ 0.67
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.5 Answers

Question 1.
Look for a pattern in the set of numerical equations. Describe the pattern in words. Use a variable and write an equation that represents the pattern.
36 = 32 ∗ 34
586 = 582 ∗ 584
(0.25)6 = (0.25)2 ∗ (0.25)4
a. Description: ____________________
b. Equation that generalizes the pattern: ____________________
c. Write two more examples of the pattern: ____________________
Answer:

Question 2.
For each equation, circle the number of solutions you could find.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.5 Answers 1
Answer:

Question 3.
Circle the answer that best describes each equation.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.5 Answers 2
Answer:

Question 4.
Explain your answer to Problem 3b.
Answer:

Try This
Question 5.
The numbers 4, 5, and 6 are called consecutive numbers because they follow each other in order. The sum of 4, 5, and 6 is 15—that is, 4 + 5 + 6 = 15. Circle all equations that generalize finding a sum of 170 for three consecutive numbers.
a. x + 2x + 3x = 170
b. 170 = x + (x + 1) + (x + 2)
c. 3x + 3 = 170
Answer:

Practice
Estimate whether each sum is closest to 0, \(\frac{1}{2}\), 1, or 1 \(\frac{1}{2}\).
Question 6.
\(\frac{8}{9}\) + \(\frac{5}{8}\) _________
Answer:

Question 7.
\(\frac{1}{10}\) + \(\frac{1}{11}\) __________
Answer:

Question 8.
\(\frac{5}{6}\) + \(\frac{2}{16}\) _________
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.6 Answer Key

The Distributive Property
Question 1.
Each of the expressions describes the area of the shaded part of one of the rectangles. Write the letter of the correct rectangle next to each expression.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.6 Answer Key 1
a. 4 ∗ (11 – 6) _________
b. 44 – 20 _________
c. 30 _________
d. (6 ∗ 9) – (6 ∗ 4) _________
e. (4 ∗ 11) – (4 ∗ 6) _________
f. (11 – 5) ∗ 4 _________
g. (11 ∗ 4) – (5 ∗ 4) _________
h. 6 ∗ (9 – 4) _________
Answer:

Question 2.
Circle the equations that are examples of the Distributive Property.
a. (80 ∗ 5) + (120 ∗ 5) = (80 + 120) ∗ 5
b. 6 ∗ (3 – 0.5) = (6 ∗ 3) – 0.5
c. (9 ∗ \(\frac{3}{8}\)) – (\(\frac{2}{3}\) ∗ \(\frac{3}{8}\)) = (9 – \(\frac{2}{3}\)) ∗ \(\frac{3}{8}\)
d. (16 ∗ 4) + 12 = (16 + 12) ∗ (4 + 12)
Answer:

Write an equation to show how the Distributive Property can help you solve each problem.
Question 3.
Kelly signed copies of her new book at a local bookstore. In the morning she signed 36 books, and in the afternoon she signed 51 books. It took her 5 minutes to sign a book. How much time did she spend signing books?
Equation: __________________
Solution: __________________
Answer:

Question 4.
Mr. Katz gave a party because all the students scored 100% on their math tests. He had budgeted $1.15 per student. It turned out that he spent $0.25 less per student. How much money did he spend for 30 students?
Equation: __________________
Solution: __________________
Answer:

Practice
Write the reciprocal.
Question 5.
5 ________
Answer:

Question 6.
\(\frac{2}{9}\) ________
Answer:

Question 7.
3 \(\frac{1}{3}\) _______
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.7 Answers

Applying the Distributive Property

Question 1.
Match each property with a generalized form of the property
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.7 Answers 1
Answer:

Question 2.
For each equation below, use general equations for properties to determine whether it is true or false. For each true number sentence, list the property or properties that apply. For false number sentences, write “None.”
a. (9 – 4) ∗ 3 = (9 – 3) ∗ (4 – 3) _______ Property: ____________
b. (8 + 5) ∗ 2 = (8 + 2) ∗ (5 + 2) _______ Property: ____________
c. (8 + 5) ∗ 2 = 2 ∗ (8 + 5) _______ Property: ____________
Answer:

Use the Distributive Property to solve Problems 3–4.
Question 3.
Show how to solve the problems mentally.
a. 85 ∗ 101 = ____________
b. 156 ∗ 9 = ____________
c. 48 ∗ 24 = ____________
Answer:

Question 4.
Rewrite each expression as a product by taking out a common factor
a. 48 + 24 = _______ ∗ (_______ + _______) = _______ ∗ _______
b. 72 – 56 = _______ ∗ (_______ – _______) = _______ ∗ _______
c. (2y) + (3 ∗ y) = (_______ + _______) ∗ _______ = _______ ∗ _______
Answer:

Practice
Use <, >, or = to make the sentence true.
Question 5.
\(\frac{2}{3}\) _________ \(\frac{2}{5}\)
Answer:

Question 6.
0.7 _______ \(\frac{4}{5}\)
Answer:

Question 7.
0.3 ______ 0.23
Answer:

Question 8.
1 \(\frac{1}{4}\) _______ 1.25
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.8 Answer Key

Building with Toothpicks
Yaneli is building a pattern with toothpicks. The pattern grows in the following way:
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.8 Answer Key 1
Question 1.
How many toothpicks are needed for Design 5? _________
Answer:

Question 2.
How many toothpicks are needed for Design 10? __________
Answer:

Question 3.
Describe in words how you see the toothpick design growing. What stays the same from one figure to the next? What changes?
Answer:

Question 4.
Write an expression to represent how many toothpicks are needed for Design n?
Answer:

Question 5.
What toothpick design number could you build with exactly 82 toothpicks? ________
Answer:

Question 6.
Describe how you can figure out the number of toothpicks you need for any design number.
Answer:

Practice
Evaluate each expression.
Question 7.
72 = ________
Answer:

Question 8.
_________ = 24
Answer:

Question 9.
15 = __________
Answer:

Question 10.
43 = ____________
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.9 Answers

Inequalities
Question 1.
Amelia’s cell phone plan lets her send a maximum of 500 text messages per month.
Define a variable.
Write an inequality to represent Amelia’s situation.
Answer:

Question 2.
The temperature in the freezer should be no higher than -18°C.
Define a variable.
Write an inequality to represent the situation.
Answer:

Question 3.
Sam scored 68 in miniature golf. What score would beat Sam’s score?
Define a variable:
Write an inequality to represent the situation.
Answer:

Question 4.
Choose the number sentence that represents each statement
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.9 Answers 1
A number is less than 42. __________
b. A number is greater than 42. __________
c. A number is at least 42. __________
d. A number is no greater than 42. __________
Answer:

Practice
Question 5.
______ = 5.6 + 11.7
Answer:

Question 6.
9.2 + _______ = 12.1
Answer:

Question 7.
19.37 – 9.29 = _______
Answer:

Question 8.
______ = 0.834 – 0.75
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key

Solving and Graphing Inequalities
Describe the solution set for each inequality. Graph the solutions for each inequality.
Question 1.
a. 5 < n _____________
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key 1
Answer:

b. q < 5 ______________
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key 2
Answer:

c. w > -3 __________________
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key 3
Answer:

Question 2.
Write the inequality represented by each graph below.
a. Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key 4
Answer:

b. Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.10 Answer Key 5
Answer:

c. List three numbersthat are part of the solution set for Part a.
Answer:

Question 3.
a. Write an inequality with a solution set that is all numbers less than 0.
b. Find three numbers that are not in the solution set for Part a.
c. Write an inequality with a solution set that does not have any numbers in common with the solution set in Part a or the numbers you wrote in Part
Answer:

Practice
Solve.
Question 4.
3.45 ∗ 2 = ________
Answer:

Question 5.
3.2 ∗ 4.5 = _________
Answer:

Question 6.
________ = 1.53 ∗ 3.3
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.11 Answers

Graphing Alligator Facts
Question 1.
If the temperature of an alligator nest is below 86°F, the female alligators hatch.
Define a variable: _______________
Represent the statement with inequalities: _______________
Graph the solution set that makes both inequalities true.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.11 Answers 1
Describe how your graph represents the situation.
Answer:

Question 2.
If the temperature of an alligator nest is above 93°F, the male alligators hatch. Use the same variable you used in Problem 1.
Represent the statement with inequalities: _______________
Graph the solution set that makes both inequalities true.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.11 Answers 2
Answer:

Question 3.
Adult alligators are at least 6 feet long. The longest one on record was 19 feet.
Define a variable: _______________
Represent the statement with inequalities: _______________
Graph the solution set that makes both inequalities true.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.11 Answers 3
Answer:

Question 4.
Alligators lay 20–50 eggs in a clutch. Variable: _______________
Represent the statement with inequalities: _______________
Graph the solution set that makes both inequalities true.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.11 Answers 4
Describe how your graph represents the situation.
Answer:

Practice
Evaluate.
Question 5.
15% of 60 ______
Answer:

Question 6.
25% of 300 ______
Answer:

Question 7.
250% of 18 ________
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.12 Answer Key

Absolute Value
Question 1.
a. On the number line, plot points at two numbers whose absolute values are 8.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.12 Answer Key 1
Answer:

b. Explain why you get a positive number when you take the absolute value of a negative number.
Answer:

Question 2.
Complete.
a. |20| = ________
b. |8.25| = ________
c. |-79| = ________
d. |-0.004| = ________
e. |-10 \(\frac{1}{2}\) | = ________
f. |0| = ________
Answer:

Question 3.
Find at least three numbers that answer each riddle.
a. A number with an absolute value that is equal to itself ___________
b. A number with an absolute value that is its opposite ____________
Answer:

Question 4.
Make up your own absolute value riddle
Answer:

Try This
Question 5.
Find at least three numbers that make each statement true
a. |x| = – x ___________
b. |x| > – x ___________
Answer:

Practice
Divide.
Express your remainder as a fraction.
Question 6.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.12 Answer Key 2
Answer:

Question 7.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.12 Answer Key 3
Answer:

Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.13 Answers

Using Absolute Value
For Problems 1–2, do the following:

  • Plot the numbers on the number line.
  • Answer the question.
  • Circle the number model that supports your answer.

Question 1.
The freezing point of water is 0°C. In Chicago, it is -7°C. In Montreal, it is -9°C.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.13 Answers 1
Which city’s temperature is farther from 0? ________
-7 > -9 or |-9| > |-7|
Answer:

Question 2.
Rita has a debt of $14, and Jamal has a debt of $18.
Everyday Mathematics Grade 6 Home Link 4.13 Answers 2
Whose balance is farther from 0? ________
|-18| > |-14| or -18 < -14
Answer:

Question 3.
Explain how you know whether you need to use absolute value to answer the question. What do you have to consider?
Answer:

Question 4.
Find the distance between the ordered pairs.
a. (-2, -1) and (-2, 3) Distance: ________
b. (-2, 3) and (3, 3) Distance: ________
c. (3, -1) and (3, -4.5) Distance: ________
d. (-11, 9) and (-11, -32) Distance: ________
Answer:

Practice
Solve
Question 5.
2 \(\frac{1}{2}\) ÷ \(\frac{3}{4}\) = __________
Answer:

Question 6.
1 \(\frac{2}{3}\) ÷ \(\frac{1}{3}\) = ________
Answer:

Question 7.
3 \(\frac{3}{4}\) ÷ \(\frac{1}{3}\) = _________
Answer:

Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.14 Answer Key

Temperatures in Seattle
The city of Seattle is located in the state of Washington. It is located 113 miles south of the U.S.–Canadian border at a latitude of 47°37′ N. The city is located at sea level on Puget Sound, near the Pacific Ocean.
Question 1.
Use the information above to predict whether Seattle’s monthly average temperature data will have a large or small mean absolute deviation. Explain your answer.
Answer:

Question 2.
The average monthly temperatures for Seattle are given below. Find the listed data landmarks and measures of spread. Round your answers to the nearest tenth.
Everyday Math Grade 6 Home Link 4.14 Answer Key 1
a. Minimum: _________
b. Maximum: _________
c. Median: _________
d. Mean: _________
e. Range: _________
f. Mean absolute deviation: _________
Answer:

Question 3.
Use the data landmarks and measures of spread you found in Problem 2 to draw some conclusions about Seattle’s average monthly temperatures.
Answer:

Bring in one 3-dimensional shape with faces made up of polygons. It will go in the class Shapes Museum. Find a shape that has at least one face that is not a rectangle. See pages 246–248 in your Student Reference Book for examples of the kinds of shapes to bring.
Practice
Solve.
Question 4.
_______ = 0.09 ÷ 0.03
Answer:

Question 5.
0.75 ÷ 0.3 = _______
Answer:

Question 6.
24 ÷ 0.48 = ______
Answer:

Question 7.
________ = 5.2 ÷ 1.6
Answer:

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