Engage NY Eureka Math 8th Grade Module 6 Lesson 12 Answer Key

Example 1: Growing Dahlias
A group of students wanted to determine whether or not compost is beneficial in plant growth. The students used the dahlia flower to study the effect of composting. They planted eight dahlias in a bed with no compost and another eight plants in a bed with compost. They measured the height of each plant over a 9-week period. They found the median growth height for each group of eight plants. The table below shows the results of the experiment for the dahlias grown in non-compost beds.

Exercises 1 â€“ 15

Exercise 1.
On the grid below, construct a scatter plot of non-compost height versus week.

Exercise 2.
Draw a line that you think fits the data reasonably well.

Exercise 3.
Find the rate of change of your line. Interpret the rate of change in terms of growth (in height) over time.
Most students should have a rate of change of approximately 3.5 inches per week. A rate of change of 3.5 means that the median height of the eight dahlias increased by about 3.5 inches each week.

Exercise 4.
Describe the growth (change in height) from week to week by subtracting the previous weekâ€™s height from the current height. Record the weekly growth in the third column in the table below. The median growth for the dahlias from Week 1 to Week 2 was 3.75 inches (i.e., 12.75-9.00=3.75).

Exercise 5.
As the number of weeks increases, describe how the weekly growth is changing.
The growth each week remains about the sameâ€”approximately 3.5 inches.

Exercise 6.
How does the growth each week compare to the slope of the line that you drew?
The amount of growth per week varies from 3.25 to 3.75 but centers around 3.5, which is the slope of the line.

Exercise 7.
Estimate the median height of the dahlias at 8 $$\frac{1}{2}$$ weeks. Explain how you made your estimate.
An estimate is 35.5 inches. Students can use the graph, the table, or the equation of their line.

The table below shows the results of the experiment for the dahlias grown in compost beds.

Exercise 8.
Construct a scatter plot of height versus week on the grid below.

Exercise 9.
Do the data appear to form a linear pattern?
No, the pattern in the scatter plot is curved.

Exercise 10.
Describe the growth from week to week by subtracting the height from the previous week from the current height. Record the weekly growth in the third column in the table below. The median weekly growth for the dahlias from Week 1 to Week 2 is 3.5 inches. (i.e., 13.5-10=3.5).

Exercise 11.
As the number of weeks increases, describe how the growth changes.
The amount of growth per week varies from week to week. In Weeks 1 through 4, the growth is around 4 inches each week. From Weeks 5 to 7, the amount of growth increases, and then the growth slows down for Weeks 8
and 9.

Exercise 12.
Sketch a curve through the data. When sketching a curve, do not connect the ordered pairs, but draw a smooth curve that you think reasonably describes the data.

Exercise 13.
Use the curve to estimate the median height of the dahlias at 8 1$$\frac{1}{2}$$ weeks. Explain how you made your estimate.
Answers will vary. A reasonable estimate of the median height at 8 1$$\frac{1}{2}$$ weeks is approximately 85 inches. Starting at 8 1$$\frac{1}{2}$$ on the x-axis, move up to the curve and then over to the y-axis for the estimate of the height.

Exercise 14.
How does the weekly growth of the dahlias in the compost beds compare to the weekly growth of the dahlias in the non-compost beds?
The growth in the non-compost is about the same each week. The growth in the compost starts the same as the non-compost, but after four weeks, the dahlias begin to grow at a faster rate.

Exercise 15.
When there is a car accident, how do the investigators determine the speed of the cars involved? One way is to measure the skid marks left by the cars and use these lengths to estimate the speed.
The table below shows data collected from an experiment with a test car. The first column is the length of the skid mark (in feet), and the second column is the speed of the car (in miles per hour).

Data Source: http://forensicdynamics.com/stopping-braking-distance-calculator
(Note: Data has been rounded.)
a. Construct a scatter plot of speed versus skid-mark length on the grid below.

b. The relationship between speed and skid-mark length can be described by a curve. Sketch a curve through the data that best represents the relationship between skid-mark length and the speed of the car. Remember to draw a smooth curve that does not just connect the ordered pairs.
See the plot above.

c. If the car left a skid mark of 60 ft., what is an estimate for the speed of the car? Explain how you determined the estimate.
The speed is approximately 38 mph. Using the graph, for a skid mark of 65 ft., the speed was 40 mph, so the estimate is slightly less than 40 mph.

d. A car left a skid mark of 150 ft. Use the curve you sketched to estimate the speed at which the car was traveling.
62.5 mph

e. If a car leaves a skid mark that is twice as long as another skid mark, was the car going twice as fast? Explain.
No. When the skid mark was 105 ft. long, the car was traveling 50 mph. When the skid mark was 205 ft. long (about twice the 105 ft.), the car was traveling 70 mph, which is not twice as fast.

Eureka Math Grade 8 Module 6 Lesson 12 Problem Set Answer Key

Question 1.
Once the brakes of the car have been applied, the car does not stop immediately. The distance that the car travels after the brakes have been applied is called the braking distance. The table below shows braking distance (how far the car travels once the brakes have been applied) and the speed of the car.

Data Source: http://forensicdynamics.com/stopping-braking-distance-calculator
(Note: Data has been rounded.)
a. Construct a scatter plot of braking distance versus speed on the grid below.

b. Find the amount of additional distance a car would travel after braking for each speed increase of 10 mph. Record your answers in the table below.

c. Based on the table, do you think the data follow a linear pattern? Explain your answer.
No. If the relationship is linear, the values in the Amount of Distance Increase column would be approximately equal.

d. Describe how the distance it takes a car to stop changes as the speed of the car increases.
As the speed of the car increases, the distance it takes the car to stop also increases.

e. Sketch a smooth curve that you think describes the relationship between braking distance and speed.

f. Estimate braking distance for a car traveling at 52 mph. Estimate braking distance for a car traveling at 75 mph. Explain how you made your estimates.
For 52 mph, the braking distance is about 115 ft.
For 75 mph, the braking distance is about 230 ft.
Both estimates can be made by starting on the x-axis, moving up to the curve, and then moving over to the y-axis.

Question 2.
The scatter plot below shows the relationship between cost (in dollars) and radius length (in meters) of fertilizing different-sized circular fields. The curve shown was drawn to describe the relationship between cost and radius.

a. Is the curve a good fit for the data? Explain.
Yes, the curve fits the data very well. The data points lie close to the curve.

b. Use the curve to estimate the cost for fertilizing a circular field of radius 30 m. Explain how you made your estimate.
Using the curve drawn on the graph, the cost is approximately $200 â€“$250.

c. Estimate the radius of the field if the fertilizing cost was $2,500. Explain how you made your estimate. Answer: Using the curve, an estimate for the radius is approximately 94 m. Locate the approximate cost of$2,500. The approximate radius for that point is 94 m.

Question 3.
Suppose a dolphin is fitted with a GPS that monitors its position in relationship to a research ship. The table below contains the time (in seconds) after the dolphin is released from the ship and the distance (in feet) the dolphin is from the research ship.

a. Construct a scatter plot of distance versus time on the grid below.

b. Find the additional distance the dolphin traveled for each increase of 50 seconds. Record your answers in the table above.
See the table above.

c. Based on the table, do you think that the data follow a linear pattern? Explain your answer.
No, the change in distance from the ship is not constant.

d. Describe how the distance that the dolphin is from the ship changes as the time increases.
As the time away from the ship increases, the distance the dolphin is from the ship is also increasing. The farther the dolphin is from the ship, the faster it is swimming.

e. Sketch a smooth curve that you think fits the data reasonably well.

f. Estimate how far the dolphin will be from the ship after 180 seconds. Explain how you made your estimate.
About 500 ft. Starting on the x-axis at approximately 180 seconds, move up to the curve and then over to the y-axis to find an estimate of the distance.

Eureka Math Grade 8 Module 6 Lesson 12 Exit Ticket Answer Key

The table shows the population of New York City from 1850 to 2000 for every 50 years.

Data Source: www.census.gov

Question 1.
Find the growth of the population from 1850 to 1900. Write your answer in the table in the row for the year 1900.
2,921,655

Question 2.
Find the growth of the population from 1900 to 1950. Write your answer in the table in the row for the year 1950.
4,454,755

Question 3.
Find the growth of the population from 1950 to 2000. Write your answer in the table in the row for the year 2000.
116,321

Question 4.
Does it appear that a linear model is a good fit for the data? Why or why not?
No, a linear model is not a good fit for the data. The rate of population growth is not constant; the values in the change in population column are all different.

Question 5.
Describe how the population changes as the years increase.
As the years increase, the population increases.

Question 6.
Construct a scatter plot of time versus population on the grid below. Draw a line or curve that you feel reasonably describes the data.